Blackjack is also known as ’21’, and the game can be traced back to the 16th century Spanish game ‘veintiuna’. Blackjack was introduced to America and wasn’t very popular until the casinos added a bonus payment to hands containing an Ace and any black Jacks – hence the name Blackjack. These bonus payments eventually faded out of use but the name stuck.
Blackjack is a game where you play against the dealer independently of other players and the aim of the game (and why it is sometimes known as ’21’) is to defeat the dealer by drawing cards whose sum are more than the dealers sum or add up to 21 when the dealers sum of cards is greater than the players sum. If your first two cards total 21 you will have achieved a natural Blackjack, with Blackjack being the highest hand.
Once you have placed your bet, you and the dealer will be dealt two cards each, and your cards are dealt face up, the dealers first card face down. The cards have different values: picture cards have a value of 10 points, and the Ace can be used as 1 or 11 points while all other cards have the same value as is printed on them. Suits have no relevance in Blackjack, and any card combined with an Ace (with a value of 11), other than picture cards with their value of 10, is considered a ‘soft hand’. ‘Hard hands’ are those where there is no Ace or the Ace has a value of 1.
If you are dealt your first two cards and they do not give you a Blackjack then you may refuse any more cards, which is known as a ‘stand’ or you can accept another card, known as a ‘hit’. If you hit, you can keep getting cards dealt until you either stand or ‘bust’, which is where you exceed 21. If you bust, you are out and lose your bet, no matter what the dealers hand is like. However, if the dealer busts by exceeding 21 and you have managed to stand without going bust, then you win. If you finish with the same totals, then you will have a ‘push’ which is a tie.
If you are dealt two cards with the same value you can split them into two separate hands, and make another bet equal to the first, but remember that a hand can only be split once in a game.
Another thing to remember is that blackjack is not a mere game of luck – it is a game of strategy. With blackjack, casinos have a low advantage in comparison to their other games, but despite this blackjack generates a lot of revenue for casinos, which is simply due to the mistakes that players make. These mistakes can be avoided by using the tips on offer at www.blackjack-tip.co.uk, where you can find beginners and advanced tips as well as information on where to find free blackjack cash and reputable sites for playing blackjack.
Bingo is an enormously popular game that is played with passion all over the world. However, it is particularly well-liked in UK, the US, and other European countries. Yet, the game has endured diverse troubles before reaching its current popular position.
All through UK history, bingo has faced various issues and adversities, right from the start of the French Revolution to the end of Second World War. However, the game has survived all odds and has only come back all the time and grown stronger and more popular. Ever since it came to the United Kingdom in beginning of the 20th century, the game has matured to become one of the most profitable casino businesses and has actually set the pace for all the other types of games in the casino industry.
When it all started in UK, Bingo was only a nascent casino game. Most of the bingo halls then were installed using some of the deserted cinema and concert halls. However, as time passed by, the popularity of UK bingo roared and more people started investing in building new bingo halls specially for taking bingo to the masses. Bingo continued to grow and halls were built across various places in UK, ranging from the highlands of Scotland up to the southern tips of Britain.
The online version of Bingo first came into existence in the later part of the 1990’s. This was a big growth for the bingo industry, which helped to take the game to global bingo enthusiasts via internet. There was a subsequent proliferation in the number of online bingo sites, and today we have thousands of websites that cater to UK bingo players.
The biggest breakthrough for UK Bingo happened in the year 2005 when gaming regulations act altered its policies about betting and bingo promotion. The new rules allowed bingo businesses to advertise freely over the web. The result was a massive growth in popularity for the game, and this caused a huge increase in the number of new bingo players. All this helped bingo revenues to soar like never before and allowed the web based bingo firms to experience good growth. Today, online casinos are allowed to advertise not only over the internet, but also through all other advertising media. As the laws now allow online casinos to come up with creative and eye-catching ads, the demand for online Bingo has increased drastically in the UK.
However, UK Bingo has witnessed a lot of issues as well, that affected its growth. For example, there was a smoking ban recently that outlawed people who smoked in public. As casino gambling usually goes hand in hand with public smoking, a lot of people stopped going to UK bingo casinos. This affected the revenue of the casinos and many bingo halls were closed down. However, the number of people who entered the online version of the game increased drastically. All this resulted in the massive proliferation of online bingo sites in the UK.
Lastly, Bingo faced another massive blow during the recent economic downturn. With lack of cash, people stopped visiting casino places and the number of casino players reduced drastically. Since then, online bingo companies in the UK have been coming up with various offers and special bonuses for bingo players. There has also been an increase in the number of online bingo ad campaigns. As the recession is slowly dying out, the UK Bingo companies have quickly recovered and are now again in the big league. However, the various bonuses are still in existence and it is a great time indeed for people who enjoy playing bingo.
Behavioral experts believe that there are three conditions that make it conducive for a person to go from a casual gambler to a pathological one. The first condition is being in a vulnerable state, usually with the person feeling guilt, depression, or helplessness. These feelings make it easy for the person to see gambling as a means of escape or a means to access feelings of victory, joy, and vindication, which are the reverse of what they previously felt.
The second condition is the person having a high capacity for deceiving his or her self. As such, the feelings of victory, joy, and vindication, or whatever satisfaction derived from gambling, are easily reinforced against the investments of time and money made in the activity. A person with a highly developed sense of self-deception is also able to continually fool his or her self that gambling is and can be the answer to all problems. This capacity for self-deception may also be the reason for the usually compulsive optimism exhibited by pathological gamblers.
Moreover, a last condition required for the transition to occur is for the gambler to be in a society where gambling is seen as something of value. This condition is far too easily met, with people anywhere in the world seeing a windfall as a blessing to a lucky man who deserves their awe and respect. This culture is also cultivated inside gambling avenues like casinos and arcades. There, the bright lights, well-dressed gamblers and attendants, and even the obnoxiously loud congratulatory alarms on slot machines or the constant applauses from fellows at the poker table encourage a sense of respect for gambling and the winning gambler.
However, biological experts, who see psychological disorders as something rooting from innate characteristics instead of environmental ones, were able to identify a differentiating chemical in the body of pathological gamblers. Norepinephrine, a brain chemical excreted when the person is under stress or is aroused, is significantly lower in pathological gamblers than casual gamblers. This may be the reason why pathological gamblers continually expose themselves to the thrill-seeking, high-risk gambling behavior: to increase norepinephrine in their bodies. However, such claims to physiological causes for pathological gambling have yet to be proven or disproven.
The Extent of Damage
The first victim to gambling addiction is the gambler himself. The addicted gambler, because of the loss of mental lucidity to judge his acts rightly, may make decisions to put his or her life at stake. Simple physiological neglect like choosing to use money on gambling than food or even forgetting the need to eat or drink may result from gambling addiction. Moreover, the pathological gambler may put his or her self at risk of committing illegal acts in order to sustain his or her addiction. This may lead to incarceration or payment of civil damages, the latter he obviously is already incapable of doing.
An addicted gambler may act irritably around family and friends, lie to and steal from people he or she knows, and be unable to fulfill his or her responsibilities at work and at home. This may result in the gambler losing all the significant relationships he or she may share with other people.
Other people may also suffer from the gambler’s addiction. Friends and family may experience intense psychological and emotional damage from being in contact with an addicted gambler. The repercussions of the bad financial decisions that the pathological gambler may make may also fall on the shoulders of his or her family to bear. This is commonplace with many pathological gamblers willingly gambling away their life savings, houses, and cars believing they will be able to chase away their losses and regain their family’s fortune.
Gambling addiction does not affect the lone gambler who decides to swindle his life away. Usually, there is an entire social fabric which is broken and destroyed. Unbeknownst to many, greater society also falls ill in the face of pathological gambling. In the United States alone, an annual figure of $5 million is lost annually, and a compounded $40 billion lost resulting from social services, reduction in productivity, and defaulted loans by creditors.
Costs from social services arise from families of gamblers who lose all they have and turn to the government in order to survive. Also, many of these gamblers commit illegal acts, requiring increased expenditure in the legal and prison system to try and detain the gamblers who have crossed the line. The reduction on productivity stems from pathological gamblers quitting their jobs or keeping their jobs but performing poorly. This creates an impact in the expected productivity the entire country is projecting, especially because this expected productivity defines the returns the country can expect to give back to the people in the form of wages and welfare. The situation wherein creditors default on loans occurs as pathological gamblers begin losing all they own to casino moguls, leaving them without the financial capacity to fulfill other financial obligations they may have with other creditor institutions. Businessmen running casinos also rack up defaulted loans when these addicted gamblers continue to play despite their incapacity to back up their bets with genuine financial assets.